A healthy functioning of the hormones that control the female reproductive system is important in terms of menstrual cycle as well as the possibility of pregnancy.
AMH (Anti-Mullerian Hormone)
A new test recently introduced. Determines the ovarian capacity better than the other tests. This test can be performed at any day of the menstrual cycle. Values below 1 ng / ml means the ovarian reserve is very low.
FSH is the hormone that allows growth and development of the egg cell. New egg production does not take place in women after birth, and the number of eggs in the ovarian reserve constantly decreases.
FSH measurements performed within the first 5 days of the menstrual cycle can provide information about the ovarian reserve indirectly. Values especially above 12 mIU / ml may indicate a problem in the ovarian reserve and poor ovarian response.
LH is the main hormone that hatches the egg. This hormone allows ovulation with a sudden increase in the middle of the menstrual period. The rate of FSH / LH at the beginning of the menstrual period normally is greater than 1.
An increase in the hormone LH is observed in a metabolic disease that we call polycystic ovary syndrome. Ovaries may over-response when stimulated through external medication in women with a polycystic ovary structure. LH / FSH ratio greater than 5.2 is a finding in favor of polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Prolactin is a hormone that is involved in the release of the hormone milk. Prolactin elevation prevents pregnancy. Sometimes, prolactin may be high without any finding. Again, in cases where the thyroid gland function is low (hypothyroidism), prolactin may be higher.
Testosterone is the male sex hormone. However, this can be high in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, hair development and menstrual irregularity. Testosterone measurement is required for women especially with abnormal hair development accompanied by menstrual disorder.
This hormone is a male sex hormone that is released by the adrenal glands. This hormone increases when the problem in hair developments in women is caused by the suprarenal gland.